Logo-aim
Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(4): 249-254. doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.06
PMID: 32271598

Original Article

COVID-19 and Iranian Medical Students; A Survey on Their Related-Knowledge, Preventive Behaviors and Risk Perception

Mohammad Hossein Taghrir 1 ORCID, Roham Borazjani 1 * ORCID, Ramin Shiraly 2 ORCID

Cited by CrossRef: 295


1- Alrubaiee G, Al-Qalah T, Al-Aawar M. Knowledge, attitudes, anxiety, and preventive behaviours towards COVID-19 among health care providers in Yemen: an online cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1) [Crossref]
2- AlRasheed M, AlShahrani A, AlMuhaini S, AlKofide H, Alhawassi T, Aldemerdash A, Alhaj O, Bragazzi N, Jahrami H. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Towards COVID-19 Among Pharmacists: A Cross-Sectional Study. RMHP. 2021;Volume 14:3079 [Crossref]
3- Huang P, Chen C, Lin H, Wang I, Hsu C, Tan K. In a Stressful Social Environment, Can Using Sports Apps Relieve the Physical and Mental Stress of the Elderly? From the Perspective of Industry 4.0. Mathematical Problems in Engineering. 2021;2021:1 [Crossref]
4- Pourfridoni M, Khan M, Daneshi S, Vazirinasab H, Nosrati Z, Daneshi‐Maskooni M. Health literacy and fear among Iranian medical students due to COVID‐19: An observational study. Brain and Behavior. 2022;12(5) [Crossref]
5- Birihane B, Bayih W, Tesfahun Y, Munye T, Alemu A, Belay D. Health care provider's risk perception, and preparedness towards COVID-19 pandemic in North Central Ethiopia, 2020. Heliyon. 2021;7(3):e06610 [Crossref]
6- Radwan E, Alattar E, Radwan A, Radwan W, Alajez M, Pandey D, Jebreen K. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Palestinian Students Toward COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study During the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Hu Arenas. 2023; [Crossref]
7- Ether S, Emon F, Roknuzzaman A, Rakibuzzaman M, Rahman F, Islam M. A cross-sectional study of COVID-19-related knowledge, risk perceptions, and preventive practices among pharmacy students in Bangladesh. SAGE Open Medicine. 2022;10:205031212110730 [Crossref]
8- Middleton N, Tsioutis C, Kolokotroni O, Heraclides A, Theodosis-Nobelos P, Mamais I, Pantelidou M, Tsaltas D, Christaki E, Nikolopoulos G, Dietis N. Gaps in Knowledge About SARS-CoV-2 & COVID-19 Among University Students Are Associated With Negative Attitudes Toward People With COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study in Cyprus. Front Public Health. 2021;9 [Crossref]
9- Al-Dossary R, Alamri M, Albaqawi H, Al Hosis K, Aljeldah M, Aljohan M, Aljohani K, Almadani N, Alrasheadi B, Falatah R, Almazan J. Awareness, Attitudes, Prevention, and Perceptions of COVID-19 Outbreak among Nurses in Saudi Arabia. IJERPH. 2020;17(21):8269 [Crossref]
10- Loda T, Erschens R, Nevins A, Zipfel S, Herrmann-Werner A. Perspectives, benefits and challenges of a live OSCE during the COVID-19 pandemic in a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2022;12(6):e058845 [Crossref]
11- Guimarães V, de Oliveira-Leandro M, Cassiano C, Marques A, Motta C, Freitas-Silva A, de Sousa M, Silveira L, Pardi T, Gazotto F, Silva M, Rodrigues Jr V, Rodrigues W, Oliveira C. Knowledge About COVID-19 in Brazil: Cross-Sectional Web-Based Study. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2021;7(1):e24756 [Crossref]
12- Sharif Nia H, Azad Moghddam H, Marôco J, Rahmatpour P, Allen K, Kaur H, Kaveh O, Gorgulu O, Pahlevan Sharif S. A Psychometric Lens for E-Learning: Examining the Validity and Reliability of the Persian Version of University Students’ Engagement Inventory (P-USEI). Asia-Pacific Edu Res. 2023;32(4):573 [Crossref]
13- Gallè F, Veshi A, Sabella E, Çitozi M, Da Molin G, Ferracuti S, Liguori G, Orsi G, Napoli C, Napoli C. Awareness and Behaviors Regarding COVID-19 among Albanian Undergraduates. Behavioral Sciences. 2021;11(4):45 [Crossref]
14- HUSSEİNİ A, ÇAKAR E, ROSTAMZADE M, JOYA M, KHAKİ R, KHOSRAVİ M, AMİRY F, GHADİRİ N, HOSSEİNİ M. A Cross-cultural Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on COVID-19 among People of Afghanistan, Iran, and Turkey. 2021;11(02):58 [Crossref]
15- Vilovic T, Bozic J, Vilovic M, Rusic D, Zuzic Furlan S, Rada M, Tomicic M. Family Physicians’ Standpoint and Mental Health Assessment in the Light of COVID-19 Pandemic—A Nationwide Survey Study. IJERPH. 2021;18(4):2093 [Crossref]
16- Qin S, Zhou M, Ding Y. Risk Perception Measurement and Influencing Factors of COVID-19 in Medical College Students. Front Public Health. 2021;9 [Crossref]
17- Fatima M, Habib A, Khan S, Butt M, Mallhi T, Khan Y, Zaheer A, Habib M, Khan A, Khan M, Iqbal A, Mehmood M, Masood I. Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Behavior and Risk Perception of COVID-19 Pandemic among Medical and non-Medical University Students. Disaster med public health prep. 2023;17 [Crossref]
18- Ding Y, Du X, Li Q, Zhang M, Zhang Q, Tan X, Liu Q, Yi S. Risk perception of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and its related factors among college students in China during quarantine. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(8):e0237626 [Crossref]
19- Souliotis K, Giannouchos T, Peppou L, Samara M, Nimatoudis J, Papageorgiou C, Economou M. “Public Health Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Greece and Associated Factors: A Nationwide Cross-sectional Survey”. INQUIRY. 2021;58:004695802110229 [Crossref]
20- Baghernezhad Hesary F, Salehiniya H, Miri M, Moodi M. Investigating Preventive Behaviors Toward COVID-19 Among Iranian People. Front Public Health. 2021;9 [Crossref]
21- Soltan E, El-Zoghby S, Salama H. Knowledge, Risk Perception, and Preventive Behaviors Related to COVID-19 Pandemic Among Undergraduate Medical Students in Egypt. SN Compr Clin Med. 2020;2(12):2568 [Crossref]
22- Sadore A, Handiso D, Wontamo T, Mekango D, Moges S. Influence of Social Media Use on Practice of COVID-19 Preventive Measures Among Ethiopian Residents: An Online Cross-Sectional Study. Disaster med public health prep. 2022;16(6):2546 [Crossref]
23- Trifiletti E, Shamloo S, Faccini M, Zaka A. Psychological predictors of protective behaviours during the Covid‐19 pandemic: Theory of planned behaviour and risk perception. Community & Applied Soc Psy. 2022;32(3):382 [Crossref]
24- Özkan O, Özmen S, Özer Ö, Erçoban N. Investigation of COVID-19 Perceived Risk in Public Hospital Workers in Turkey. Hospital Topics. 2021;99(4):178 [Crossref]
25- Aliyi A, Ketaro M, Engida Z, Argaw A, Muhammed A, Hassen M, Abduletif A, Shiferaw D, Wodera A, Ayene S, Esmael J, Etu E, Bandyopadhyay S. Risk perception, community myth, and practices towards COVID-19 pandemic in Southeast Ethiopia: Community based crossectional study. PLoS ONE. 2022;17(10):e0275331 [Crossref]
26- AL-Rawajfah O, Al-Mugeed K, Alaloul F, Al-Rajaibi H, Al Omari O. COVID-19 knowledge, attitude, and precautionary practices among health professional students in Oman. Nurse Education in Practice. 2021;52:103041 [Crossref]
27- Wang R, Zhang Y, Wu R, Li B, Li C, Yu B, Zhang Y. A study of self-precaution against the background of the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of risk perception attitude theory and social support. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
28- Safari Z, Fouladi-Fard R, Vahidmoghadam R, Hosseini M, Mohammadbeigi A, Omidi Oskouei A, Rezaali M, Ferrante M, Fiore M. Awareness and Performance towards Proper Use of Disinfectants to Prevent COVID-19: The Case of Iran. IJERPH. 2021;18(4):2099 [Crossref]
29- Aldhahi M, Almutairi R, Alluhaidan W, Alshammari A, Almarzuqi R, Altaleb H, Alsayegh N, Almuaither T. Internship Preparedness among Students in Healthcare-Related Fields in the Covid-19 Era: Exploring the Attitude and Knowledge in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Public Health Research. 2021;10(3):jphr.2021.1989 [Crossref]
30- Alves R, Samorinha C, Precioso J. Knowledge, attitudes and preventive behaviors toward COVID-19: a study among higher education students in Portugal. JHR. 2021;35(4):318 [Crossref]
31- Yilmaz Y, Sarikaya O, Senol Y, Baykan Z, Karaca O, Demiral Yilmaz N, Altintas L, Onan A, Sayek İ. RE-AIMing COVID-19 online learning for medical students: a massive open online course evaluation. BMC Med Educ. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
32- Tülüce D, Kaplan Serin E. Nursing Students’ Opinions About Covid-19: A Qualitative Study. Omega (Westport). 2024;89(1):108 [Crossref]
33- ÇINAR TANRIVERDİ E, SİNCAN S, ÖZKURT Z, ŞAHİNGÖZ M, KASALI K, LAYIK M. Being a Medical Student in the Shadow of a Pandemic: Psychological Reactions of Medical Students in the COVID-19 Pandemic and their Views on Online Learning. 2022;14(3):486 [Crossref]
34- Tagny C, Lendem I, Ngo Sack F, Ngo Balogog P, Ninmou C, Dongmo A, Ndoumba A, Tante E, Ateba N, Ndemanou M, Tapko J, Mbanya D. Trends in blood donations, blood donors’ knowledge, practices and expectations during the COVID‐19 pandemic in Cameroon. Vox Sanguinis. 2021;116(6):637 [Crossref]
35- Minhas S, Mushtaq Chaudhary R, Sajjad A, Manzoor I, Masood A, Kashif M. Corona pandemic: awareness of health care providers in Pakistan. 2020;7(3):548 [Crossref]
36- Unal C, Aslan R, Yilmaz H. Evaluation of Knowledge about COVID-19 and Its Effect on Psychological States of University Students. EUROPEAN J ENV PUBLI. 2021;5(2):em0084 [Crossref]
37- Oshagh M, Najafi H, Jafarzadeh H, Gholinia F, Dalaie K, Jahanbazi H. Preventive practice, vaccine acceptance, and knowledge toward coronavirus disease-19: An online cross-sectional questionnaire-based report in Iranian dentists. J Edu Health Promot. 2022;11(1):120 [Crossref]
38- Abid A, Shahzad H, Khan H, Piryani S, Khan A, Rabbani F. Perceived risk and distress related to COVID-19 in healthcare versus non-healthcare workers of Pakistan: a cross-sectional study. Hum Resour Health. 2022;20(1) [Crossref]
39- O’Neal L, Heisler M, Mishori R, Haar R. Protecting providers and patients: results of an Internet survey of health care workers’ risk perceptions and ethical concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Emerg Med. 2021;14(1) [Crossref]
40- Voltmer E, Köslich-Strumann S, Walther A, Kasem M, Obst K, Kötter T. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on stress, mental health and coping behavior in German University students – a longitudinal study before and after the onset of the pandemic. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
41- Darvishpour A, Asgari Tapeh Z. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Compliance with Covid-19 Guidelines among Nursing Students at a Medical University in Iran. AJNM. 2023; [Crossref]
42- Babazadeh T, Ghaffari-fam S, Shahnavaz-Yoshanluie F, Ranjbaran S. Psychological well-being and factors affecting it after the COVID-19 pandemic. Front Psychol. 2024;15 [Crossref]
43- ÖZDEMİR H, GÜNAY İSMAİLOĞLU E, ŞAHAN S. Sağlık Bakımı Profesyoneli Öğrencilerinin Covıd-19 Pandemisi İle İlgili Bilgi Düzeyi Ve Farkındalıklarının İncelenmesi. EGEHFD. 2023; [Crossref]
44- Rogowska A, Pavlova I, Kuśnierz C, Ochnik D, Bodnar I, Petrytsa P. Does Physical Activity Matter for the Mental Health of University Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic?. JCM. 2020;9(11):3494 [Crossref]
45- Ahorsu D, Lin C, Pakpour A. The Association Between Health Status and Insomnia, Mental Health, and Preventive Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Fear of COVID-19. Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine. 2020;6:233372142096608 [Crossref]
46- Meda-Lara R, Juárez-Rodríguez P, Carrasco-Tapias N, Barrales-Díaz C, Palomera-Chávez A, González-Díaz E, Llantá-Abreu M, Lorenzana-Montenegro L, Herrero M, Moreno-Jiménez B. Precautionary Behaviors during the Second and Third Phases of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Comparative Study in the Latin American Population. IJERPH. 2021;18(13):6882 [Crossref]
47- Wehbe R, Shahrour I. Assessment and Improvement of Anti-COVID-19 Measures in Higher Education Establishments. Sustainability. 2021;13(11):5989 [Crossref]
48- Alawa J, Walz L, Al-Ali S, Harle N, Wiles E, Awale M, Mohamed D, Khoshnood K, Wang J. Knowledge of and preparedness for COVID-19 among Somali healthcare professionals: A cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(11):e0259981 [Crossref]
49- Hosseini S, Mahmodi M, Mirhaghi A. Evaluation of the Impact of Webinar Training in Comparison to Conventional Training on COVID-19 Risk Perception in Emergency Medical Technicians. Mod Care J. 2021;18(2) [Crossref]
50- Nasirzadeh M, Aligol M. Assessmentof Knowledge, Attitude, and Factors Associated with the Preventive Behaviors of Covid-19 in Qom, Iran, in 2020. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2020;14(7):50 [Crossref]
51- Nakhaeizadeh A, Mohammadi S. Assessing the Level of Engagement in Preventive Behaviors and COVID-19 Related Anxiety in Iranian Adults. Avicenna J Nurs Midwifery Care. 2021;29(2):160 [Crossref]
52- Hu H, Xiao Y, Li H. The Effectiveness of a Serious Game Versus Online Lectures for Improving Medical Students' Coronavirus Disease 2019 Knowledge. Games for Health Journal. 2021;10(2):139 [Crossref]
53- Sadaqat W, Habib S, Tauseef A, Akhtar S, Hayat M, Shujaat S, Mahmood A. Determination of COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Among University Students. 2021; [Crossref]
54- Dubik S, Amegah K, Adam A, Duthely L. Resumption of School amid the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Rapid Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Preventive Practices among Final-Year Senior High Students at a Technical Institute in Ghana. Education Research International. 2021;2021:1 [Crossref]
55- Meyer A, Stosch C, Klatt A, Streichert T. The impact of COVID-19 on medical students’ practical skills and hygiene behavior regarding venipuncture: a case control study. BMC Med Educ. 2022;22(1) [Crossref]
56- Ari E, Yilmaz V, Arikan İ. The Effect of Perceived Risk of COVID-19 on Anxiety: Developing a Scale. Integr J Med Sci. 2020; [Crossref]
57- Salim C, Sinaga B. Coronavirus Disease-19: Correlation between Knowledge and Preventive Behavior by Medical Students after One Year of Pandemic and Factors that Affect Knowledge. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2023;11(E):257 [Crossref]
58- Shirmohammadi Y, Araghian Mojard F, Hossein-Nataj A, Mahmoudpour H, Azadi R, Yaghoubi T. Knowledge and Attitudes of the Students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences Towards COVID-19 in 2020. PCNM. 2021;11(3):25 [Crossref]
59- Shitu K, Adugna A, Kassie A, Handebo S, Mahmoud A. Application of Health Belief Model for the assessment of COVID-19 preventive behavior and its determinants among students: A structural equation modeling analysis. PLoS ONE. 2022;17(3):e0263568 [Crossref]
60- Ghalichi Zaveh Z, Barzanouni S, Akhlaghi Pirposhteh E, Babaei Pouya * A, Hami M. Covid-19 Preventive Behaviors in the Lifestyle of the Iranian Society, One Year after the Pandemic. J Occup Health Epidemiol. 2022;11(1):10 [Crossref]
61- Rayani M, Rayani S, Najafi-Sharjabad F. COVID-19-related knowledge, risk perception, information seeking, and adherence to preventive behaviors among undergraduate students, southern Iran. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2021;28(42):59953 [Crossref]
62- Iyasu A, Kidanu B, Zereabruk K. Knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 among chronic disease patients at Aksum Hospital, Northern Ethiopia, 2020: a cross-sectional study. asthma res and pract. 2021;7(1) [Crossref]
63- Pirincci E, Arca M, Sen M, Atici E, Varsak S, Yarasir E, Kurt O, Oguzoncul A, Deveci S. COVID-19 anxiety and hygiene status in vocational schools of health services students in Turkey: A multicenter study. WOR. 2021;69(4):1143 [Crossref]
64- Zhang R, Wang C. Risk perception of COVID-19 and its related factors among centralized medical isolation groups in China. Front Psychol. 2023;14 [Crossref]
65- Roshaidai Mohd Arifin S, Mardhiah Saiful Azmi S, Hasanah Abang Abdullah K, Ain Hidayah Abas N, Husain R, M. Aidid E, Hanim Abd Aziz K, Musa R, Begum Syed Mohideen F, Perveen A, Che Mat K, Idris I. Depression, Anxiety, and Behavioural Changes during the COVID-19 Pandemic among Medical and Nursing Students. 2022;24(5):749 [Crossref]
66- ORAL N, ASLAN BALCI A, ÖZTÜRK H, AVSEVER H. DETERMINING THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND THE BEHAVIOR OF PEOPLE LIVING IN DIFFERENT REGIONS OF TURKEY IN TERMS OF DENTAL PROCEDURES DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC. 2020;5(3):472 [Crossref]
67- Saraswathi I, Saikarthik J, Senthil Kumar K, Madhan Srinivasan K, Ardhanaari M, Gunapriya R. Impact of COVID-19 outbreak on the mental health status of undergraduate medical students in a COVID-19 treating medical college: a prospective longitudinal study. 2020;8:e10164 [Crossref]
68- Orok E, Ndem E, Daniel E. Knowledge, attitude and perception of medical students on COVID-19 vaccines: A study carried out in a Nigerian University. Front Public Health. 2022;10 [Crossref]
69- Olum R, Kajjimu J, Kanyike A, Chekwech G, Wekha G, Nassozi D, Kemigisa J, Mulyamboga P, Muhoozi O, Nsenga L, Lyavala M, Asiimwe A, Bongomin F. Perspective of Medical Students on the COVID-19 Pandemic: Survey of Nine Medical Schools in Uganda. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2020;6(2):e19847 [Crossref]
70- Qin N, Shi S, Ma G, Li X, Duan Y, Shen Z, Luo A, Zhong Z. Associations of COVID-19 Risk Perception, eHealth Literacy, and Protective Behaviors Among Chinese College Students Following Vaccination: A Cross-Sectional Study. Front Public Health. 2022;9 [Crossref]
71- Fakhri N, Jallal M, Belabbes S, Khudur K, Kaddar R, Oubaasri A, Elhadraoui N, Mohammed Abdallahi N, Al Hassani W, Nejjari C, Belouali R, Khalis M. COVID‐19 and Moroccan nursing students: A multicentre cross‐sectional survey on their related knowledge, attitudes and practices. Nursing Open. 2021;8(4):1634 [Crossref]
72- Luo Y, Shen H, Yang S, Chen L. The Relationships among Anxiety, Subjective Well-Being, Media Consumption, and Safety-Seeking Behaviors during the COVID-19 Epidemic. IJERPH. 2021;18(24):13189 [Crossref]
73- Lee S, Choi J. Development and Implementation of a Mobile-Integrated Simulation for COVID-19 Nursing Practice: A Randomized Controlled Pretest–Posttest Experimental Design. Healthcare. 2024;12(4):419 [Crossref]
74- Noreen K, Rubab Z, Umar M, Rehman R, Baig M, Baig F, Kumar R. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices against the growing threat of COVID-19 among medical students of Pakistan. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(12):e0243696 [Crossref]
75- CINAR TANRIVERDI E, BAYRAKTAR M, SINCAN S, KASALI K, CAYIR Y, SAHINGOZ M, OZKURT Z. Medical students’ knowledge of the disease, frequency of depression, anxiety, stress symptoms, and related factors in the COVID-19 pandemic: A web-based questionnaire. 2023;36(1):140 [Crossref]
76- Teng Y, Wu K, Wang W, Xu D. Assessing the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of COVID-19 among Quarantine Hotel Workers in China. Healthcare. 2021;9(6):772 [Crossref]
77- Akoijam S, Mazumder S, Sharma L. Panic buying in the second wave of COVID-19: the moderating effect of past buying experience. JABS. 2023;17(6):1205 [Crossref]
78- Bi X, Zhang Q, Fan K, Tang S, Guan H, Gao X, Cui Y, Ma Y, Wu Q, Hao Y, Ning N, Liu C. Risk Culture and COVID-19 Protective Behaviors: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Residents in China. Front Public Health. 2021;9 [Crossref]
79- Deng J, Lee M, Qin C, Lee Y, You M, Liu J. Protective behaviors against COVID-19 and their association with psychological factors in China and South Korea during the Omicron wave: a comparative study. Public Health. 2024;229:116 [Crossref]
80- Kosendiak A, Adamczak B, Kontek S, Kuźnik Z, Roman M, Gostkowski M, Niedziółka A. Level of Physical Activity, Sleep Quality and Use of Personal Protective Equipment of Students at Wroclaw Medical University during the COVID-19 Pandemic. IJERPH. 2023;20(3):2406 [Crossref]
81- GUNER N, YURUMEZ Y, GÜNEYSU F, ERCAN B, ÜLKER V. COVID-19 Risk Perception, Knowledge, Precautions and Information Sources between Healthcare Professionals. 2021;3(1):20 [Crossref]
82- Khasawneh A, Humeidan A, Alsulaiman J, Bloukh S, Ramadan M, Al-Shatanawi T, Awad H, Hijazi W, Al-Kammash K, Obeidat N, Saleh T, Kheirallah K. Medical Students and COVID-19: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Precautionary Measures. A Descriptive Study From Jordan. Front Public Health. 2020;8 [Crossref]
83- Alshutwi S. ‘Senior Nursing Students and Interns’ Concerns and Willingness to Treat Patients with COVID-19: A Strategy to Expand National Nursing Workforce during the COVID-19 Pandemic. RMHP. 2021;Volume 14:39 [Crossref]
84- Mendoza Millán D, Carrión-Nessi F, Mejía Bernard M, Marcano-Rojas M, Omaña Ávila Ó, Doval Fernández J, Chacón Labrador F, Quintero Rodríguez A, Gasparini Vega S, Tami A, Maricuto A, Velásquez V, Landaeta M, Figuera M, Chavero M, Figuera L, Camejo-Ávila N, Forero-Peña D. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding COVID-19 Among Healthcare Workers in Venezuela: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey. Front Public Health. 2021;9 [Crossref]
85- Le An P, Huynh G, Nguyen H, Pham B, Nguyen T, Tran T, Tran T. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Towards COVID-19 Among Healthcare Students in Vietnam. IDR. 2021;Volume 14:3405 [Crossref]
86- Ojha S, Debnath M, Sharma D, Niraula A. Knowledge of Handling the Personal Protective Equipment by Frontline Allied Health Professionals in COVID-19 Outbreak—A Web-Based Survey Study. Journal of Radiology Nursing. 2021;40(2):167 [Crossref]
87- EMRE N, SARI T. Evaluation of the behavior, anxiety and stress of university students in the new type of coronavirus pandemic. 2021;13(1):24 [Crossref]
88- Herbas-Torrico B, Frank B. Explaining interpersonal differences in COVID-19 disease prevention behavior based on the health belief model and collective resilience theory: a cross-sectional study from Bolivia. BMC Public Health. 2022;22(1) [Crossref]
89- Shen Z, Zhong Z, Xie J, Ding S, Li S, Li C. Development and psychometric assessment of the public health emergency risk perception scale: Under the outbreak of COVID-19. International Journal of Nursing Sciences. 2021;8(1):87 [Crossref]
90- Elsayed Emara H, Alhindi A, Orebi H, Kabbash I, Elghazally N. COVID-19 Pandemic: Knowledge, Attitude, and Perception of Medical Students Toward the Novel Coronavirus Disease. Disaster med public health prep. 2022;16(6):2512 [Crossref]
91- Handebo S, Adugna A, Kassie A, Shitu K. Determinants of COVID-19-related knowledge and preventive behaviours among students in reopened secondary schools: cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2021;11(4):e050189 [Crossref]
92- Akilimali P, Mashinda D, Lulebo A, Mafuta E, Onyamboko M, Tran N, Mukherjee A. The emergence of COVID-19 in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Community knowledge, attitudes, and practices in Kinshasa. PLoS ONE. 2022;17(6):e0265538 [Crossref]
93- Roupa Z, Polychronis G, Latzourakis E, Nikitara M, Ghobrial S, Chrysafi A, Noula M. Assessment of Knowledge and Perceptions of Health Workers Regarding COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study from Cyprus. J Community Health. 2021;46(2):251 [Crossref]
94- Kałucka S, Kusideł E, Głowacka A, Oczoś P, Grzegorczyk-Karolak I. Pre-Vaccination Stress, Post-Vaccination Adverse Reactions, and Attitudes towards Vaccination after Receiving the COVID-19 Vaccine among Health Care Workers. Vaccines. 2022;10(3):401 [Crossref]
95- Kim E, Kim H, Kim B. Factors influencing medical and nursing students’ willingness to care for COVID-19 patients in South Korea: a cross-sectional study. BMC Med Educ. 2022;22(1) [Crossref]
96- Salavati S, Shokri H, Tanomand A, Shirvani Shiri M, Soleimani A, Rostami R. Community Knowledge and Behavior About COVID-19 and Their Attitude Toward Public Policies Implemented Against This Pandemic in the Northwest of Iran. Shiraz E-Med J. 2021;22(12) [Crossref]
97- YAKAR B, ÖZTÜRK KAYGUSUZ T, PİRİNÇCİ E, ÖNALAN E, ERTEKİN Y. Knowledge, attitude and anxiety of medical students about the current COVID-19 outbreak in Turkey. 2020;5(2):36 [Crossref]
98- Pflugeisen B, Mou J. Gender Discrepancies in SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic Related Beliefs, Attitudes, and Practices. Front Public Health. 2021;9 [Crossref]
99- Ladiwala Z, Dhillon R, Zahid I, Irfan O, Khan M, Awan S, Khan J. Knowledge, attitude and perception of Pakistanis towards COVID-19; a large cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
100- Mondal P, Sinharoy A, Sankoorikal B, Siddaiah R, Mazur L, Graff G. The Influence of Sociodemographic Heterogeneity on the Perceptions of COVID-19: A Countrywide Survey Study in the USA. IJERPH. 2021;18(17):8922 [Crossref]
101- Khiskar A, Didarloo A, Khalkhali H, Maheri M. Predictors of Preventive Behaviors Against the Common Acute Respiratory Viral Infections among Female Hairdressers in Urmia: Application of Extended Protection Motivation Theory. Iran J Health Educ Health Promot. 2022;10(3):285 [Crossref]
102- Barrett C, Cheung K. Knowledge, socio-cognitive perceptions and the practice of hand hygiene and social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study of UK university students. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
103- Xue Q, Xie X, Liu Q, Zhou Y, Zhu K, Wu H, Wan Z, Feng Y, Meng H, Zhang J, Zuo P, Song R. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among primary school students in Hubei Province, China. Children and Youth Services Review. 2021;120:105735 [Crossref]
104- Padmaja A, Surekha T. A STUDY TO ASSESS THE KNOWLEDGE AND PREVENTIVE BEHAVIOR RELATED TO COVID -19 AMONG HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS. 2021;:60 [Crossref]
105- Heydari A, Isfahani P, Bagheri S. Predicting Covid-19 preventive behaviors based on constructs of health belief model. Prim Health Care Res Dev. 2023;24 [Crossref]
106- Ng R, Chow T, Yang W, Cheung J. News media narratives of Covid-19 across 20 countries: Early global convergence and later regional divergence. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(9):e0256358 [Crossref]
107- Çalışkan F, Mıdık Ö, Baykan Z, Şenol Y, Tanrıverdi E, Tengiz F, Gayef A. The knowledge level and perceptions toward COVID-19 among Turkish final year medical students. Postgraduate Medicine. 2020;132(8):764 [Crossref]
108- Iradukunda P, Pierre G, Muhozi V, Denhere K, Dzinamarira T. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Towards COVID-19 Among People Living with HIV/AIDS in Kigali, Rwanda. J Community Health. 2021;46(2):245 [Crossref]
109- Weil A, Wolfe C. Individual differences in risk perception and misperception of COVID‐19 in the context of political ideology. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 2022;36(1):19 [Crossref]
110- Byrne M, Ashcroft J, Alexander L, Wan J, Harvey A. Systematic review of medical student willingness to volunteer and preparedness for pandemics and disasters. Emerg Med J. 2022;39(10):e6 [Crossref]
111- Banna M, Kundu S, Sayeed A, Brazendale K, Begum M, Ahinkorah B, Okyere J, Khan M. Knowledge, Attitudes and Preventive Practices towards COVID-19 among Bangladeshi Students: An Online Based Cross-sectional Study . Ann Public Health. 2022; [Crossref]
112- GÖLBAŞI S, SUNGUR S, AYGAR H, AYDOĞAN GEDİK S, ÇALIŞKAN PALA S, ÇAM C, OKTAR D, AY A, ARSLAN TORBA T, ARSLANTAS D, ÜNSAL A. Bir Tıp Fakültesi Öğrencilerinin COVID-19 Hastalığı ile İlgili Bilgi Düzeylerinin ve Davranışlarının Değerlendirilmesi. 2021; [Crossref]
113- Batra K, Urankar Y, Batra R, Gomes A, S M, Kaurani P. Knowledge, Protective Behaviors and Risk Perception of COVID-19 among Dental Students in India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis. Healthcare. 2021;9(5):574 [Crossref]
114- Alorfi N, Ashour A, Alhasani R, Alsolmi M, Baqader S. Assessment of understanding coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among health university students in Makkah, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study. JMAHS. 2022;:12 [Crossref]
115- Lin H, Shen C, Ling Y, Lin C. Effect of traditional Chinese medicine massage on physical and mental health of middle-aged and elderly women. Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews. 2023;:1 [Crossref]
116- Krägeloh C, Alyami M, Alyami H, Alwaily M, Alhuwaydi A, Henning M. Physical Distancing and Hand Washing During the COVID-19 Pandemic Among Saudi Adults: the Role of Fear, Perceived Seriousness, and Health Knowledge. Int J Ment Health Addiction. 2023;21(3):1487 [Crossref]
117- Kim H, Choi E, Park S, Kim E. Factors Influencing Preventive Behavior against Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) among Medically Inclined College Students. J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs. 2020;27(4):428 [Crossref]
118- Geng S, Zhou Y, Zhang W, Lou A, Cai Y, Xie J, Sun J, Zhou W, Liu W, Li X. The influence of risk perception for COVID‐19 pandemic on posttraumatic stress disorder in healthcare workers: A survey from four designated hospitals. Clin Psychology and Psychoth. 2021;28(5):1146 [Crossref]
119- Ulaş S, Açıl D, Büyük D, Durgun S, Açışlı F. Risk Perceptions Regarding COVID-19 and Compliance with Protective Measures of Midwifery and Nursing Senior Students. Rev esc enferm USP. 2024;58 [Crossref]
120- Tofani M, Berardi A, Marceca M, Valente D, Mazzaccara A, Polimeni A, Galeoto G. Fighting COVID-19 Contagion among University Students of Healthcare Professions: An Italian Cross-Sectional Study. IJERPH. 2021;18(23):12676 [Crossref]
121- GUNER N, DURMUŞ C, YURUMEZ Y, YAMAÇ E, GÜNEYSU F, DURMUŞ E. ANALYZING THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON DEPRESSION AMONG HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS WORKING IN PRE-HOSPITAL EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES. 2022;23(4):372 [Crossref]
122- Cassiano M, Neves Veiga-Junior N, Brito L, Passeri S, Bicudo A. Volunteering among medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic: what should be taken into account?. Rev bras educ med. 2021;45(3) [Crossref]
123- Kuman Tunçel Ö, Taşbakan S, Gökengin D, Erdem H, Yamazhan T, Sipahi O, Pullukçu H, Önen Sertöz Ö, Işıkgöz Taşbakan M. The deep impact of the COVID‐19 pandemic on medical students: An online cross‐sectional study evaluating Turkish students’ anxiety. Int J Clin Pract. 2021;75(6) [Crossref]
124- Ting K, Lin H, Chien J, Tseng K, Hsu C. How can sports entrepreneurs achieve their corporate sustainable development goals under the COVID-19 epidemic?. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2022;29(48):72101 [Crossref]
125- Hung S, Yang S, Luo Y. New Media Literacy, Health Status, Anxiety, and Preventative Behaviors Related to COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study in Taiwan. IJERPH. 2021;18(21):11247 [Crossref]
126- Hasan A, AlJarrah I. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Undergraduate Nursing Towards Novel Corona Virus (COVID 19). Disaster med public health prep. 2023;17 [Crossref]
127- Yan J, Kim S, Zhang S, Foo M, Alvarez-Risco A, Del-Aguila-Arcentales S, Yáñez J. Hospitality workers’ COVID-19 risk perception and depression: A contingent model based on transactional theory of stress model. International Journal of Hospitality Management. 2021;95:102935 [Crossref]
128- Elsharkawy N, Abdelaziz E. Levels of fear and uncertainty regarding the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID‐19) among university students. Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2021;57(3):1356 [Crossref]
129- Patel A, Rokade V, Modi G. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding SARS CoV-19 Among Medical Students of a Medical College in Western India. Natl J Community Med. 2022;12(07):199 [Crossref]
130- Khari S, Pazokian M, Dadashi N, Zarmehr M. COVID-19: knowledge and attitude among nursing students in Iran. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. 2022;:1 [Crossref]
131- Kim H, Shin S, Lee E. Effects of Health Belief, Knowledge, and Attitude toward COVID-19 on Prevention Behavior in Health College Students. IJERPH. 2022;19(3):1898 [Crossref]
132- Luo Y, Yang S, Hung S, Chou K. Exploring the Impacts of Preventative Health Behaviors with Respect to COVID-19: An Altruistic Perspective. IJERPH. 2022;19(13):7573 [Crossref]
133- O'Connor L, Yelverton C. Knowledge, attitudes and perceived behavioral modification of chiropractic students returning to clinical training in South Africa amid the COVID-19 pandemic. 2023;37(1):33 [Crossref]
134- Lincango-Naranjo E, Espinoza-Suarez N, Solis-Pazmino P, Vinueza-Moreano P, Rodriguez-Villafuerte S, Lincango-Naranjo J, Barberis-Barcia G, Ruiz-Sosa C, Rojas-Velasco G, Gravholt D, Golembiewski E, Soto-Becerra P, Khan M, Ortiz-Prado E. Paradigms about the COVID-19 pandemic: knowledge, attitudes and practices from medical students. BMC Med Educ. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
135- Grzegorczyk-Karolak I, Zglińska-Pietrzak A, Weremczuk-Jeżyna I, Kałucka S. Evaluation of Patient Experiences Regarding Pharmacist-Administrated Vaccination and Attitude towards Future Additional Pharmacy Services in Poland. Vaccines. 2022;10(9):1479 [Crossref]
136- Brooks S, Greenberg N, Wessely S, Rubin G. Factors affecting healthcare workers’ compliance with social and behavioural infection control measures during emerging infectious disease outbreaks: rapid evidence review. BMJ Open. 2021;11(8):e049857 [Crossref]
137- Sharma D, Bhaskar S. Addressing the Covid-19 Burden on Medical Education and Training: The Role of Telemedicine and Tele-Education During and Beyond the Pandemic. Front Public Health. 2020;8 [Crossref]
138- Reyes L, Ortiz L, Abedi M, Luciano Y, Ramos W, Reyes P, Mallhi T. Misinformation on COVID-19 origin and its relationship with perception and knowledge about social distancing: A cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(3):e0248160 [Crossref]
139- Aker S, Mıdık Ö. The Views of Medical Faculty Students in Turkey Concerning the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Community Health. 2020;45(4):684 [Crossref]
140- YALÇIN A, ASLAN A. COVID-19 RİSK ALGISI ÖLÇEĞİNİN TÜRKÇE’YE UYARLAMASI: GEÇERLİLİK VE GÜVENİRLİK ÇALIŞMASI. 2022;31(1):1 [Crossref]
141- Prasad Uprety K, Hrangkhawl W, Kotian R. KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES & PRACTICES TOWARDS COVID-19: A CROSS SECTIONAL QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY AMONG HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS IN A TERTIARY CARE SUPERSPECIALITY HOSPITAL, RAJASTHAN, INDIA. ijsr. 2022;:14 [Crossref]
142- EKİCİ E, DEMİRDAĞ H, AYDIN B, PEKCAN N, AKGÜN M. Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Öğrencilerinin COVID-19’a Yönelik Algı ve Tutumlarının Belirlenmesi. J Higher Edu Sci. 2023;13(2):225 [Crossref]
143- Aghababaei S, Bashirian S, Soltanian A, Refaei M, Omidi T, Ghelichkhani S, Soltani F. Perceived risk and protective behaviors regarding COVID-19 among Iranian pregnant women. Middle East Fertil Soc J. 2020;25(1) [Crossref]
144- Obaje H, Okengwu G, Kenan J, Uwimana A, Ndayambaje A, Carey T, Wong R. Assessing the knowledge, perceptions, and mental health impact of COVID-19 among students in Rwanda. JPMH. 2021;20(3):210 [Crossref]
145- Ding Q, Lin S, Wang S. Determinants and Willingness to Pay for Purchasing Mask against COVID-19: A Protection Motivation Theory Perspective. IJERPH. 2022;19(7):4268 [Crossref]
146- Tsegaw M, Mulat B, Shitu K. Risk perception and preventive behaviours of COVID-19 among university students, Gondar, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2022;12(4):e057404 [Crossref]
147- Baniyas N, Sheek-Hussein M, Al Kaabi N, Al Shamsi M, Al Neyadi M, Al Khoori R, Ajab S, Abid M, Grivna M, Abu-Zidan F, Wilkinson J. COVID-19 knowledge, attitudes, and practices of United Arab Emirates medical and health sciences students: A cross sectional study. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(5):e0246226 [Crossref]
148- YILDIRIM KESKİN A, MOLU B. Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi. 2021;8(2):241 [Crossref]
149- Zhang Y, Zhou R. Promoting social distancing and preventing panic buying during the epidemic of COVID-19: the contributions of people’s psychological and behavioural factors. J Public Health (Berl). 2023;31(2):187 [Crossref]
150- Gebretsadik D, Ahmed N, Kebede E, Gebremicheal S, Belete M, Adane M, Ashkenazi I. Knowledge, attitude, practice towards COVID-19 pandemic and its prevalence among hospital visitors at Ataye district hospital, Northeast Ethiopia. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(2):e0246154 [Crossref]
151- Wang W, Liu Y, Zhang L, Ran L, Xiong S, Tan X. Associations between Indoor Environmental Quality and Infectious Diseases Knowledge, Beliefs and Practices of Hotel Workers in Wuhan, China. IJERPH. 2021;18(12):6367 [Crossref]
152- Zhang J, Zhu L, Li S, Huang J, Ye Z, Wei Q, Du C. Rural–urban disparities in knowledge, behaviors, and mental health during COVID-19 pandemic. 2021;100(13):e25207 [Crossref]
153- Kordi F, Lakeh N, Pouralizadeh M, Maroufizadeh S. Knowledge and behaviors of prevention of COVID-19 and the related factors in the rural population referred to the health centers: a cross-sectional study. BMC Nurs. 2023;22(1) [Crossref]
154- Shahabi N, Kamalzadeh Takhti H, Hassani Azad M, Ezati Rad R, Ghaffari H, Mohseni S, Aghamolaei T, Norozian F. Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behaviors of Hormozgan residents toward COVID-19, one month after the epidemic in Iran. J Public Health (Berl). 2022;30(6):1565 [Crossref]
155- Duong C. The impact of fear and anxiety of Covid-19 on life satisfaction: Psychological distress and sleep disturbance as mediators. Personality and Individual Differences. 2021;178:110869 [Crossref]
156- Kim Y, Chung S. Risk-Likelihood Perceptions and Preventive Behaviors Against Infectious Diseases: Testing Different Types of Risk-Likelihood Perceptions in the Context of MERS and COVID-19. Health Communication. 2023;38(10):2221 [Crossref]
157- DOĞAN YÜKSEKOL Ö, ORHAN İ, YILMAZ A. A Study on Knowledge LevelsandPreventiveBehaviors of MidwiferyandNursingStudentsAboutCovid 19 Outbreak. 2021;12(2) [Crossref]
158- Arefi M, Babaei A, Barzanouni S, Ebrahimi S, Salehi A, Khajehnasiri F, Poursadeghian M. Risk Perception in the COVID-19 pandemic; a health promotion approach. J Edu Health Promot. 2022;11(1):118 [Crossref]
159- Gallè F, Sabella E, Da Molin G, De Giglio O, Caggiano G, Di Onofrio V, Ferracuti S, Montagna M, Liguori G, Orsi G, Napoli C. Understanding Knowledge and Behaviors Related to CoViD–19 Epidemic in Italian Undergraduate Students: The EPICO Study. IJERPH. 2020;17(10):3481 [Crossref]
160- Vercauteren L, Verstrepen K, De Cauwer H, Mortelmans L, Somville F. Impact van de Covid-19-pandemie op studenten geneeskunde tijdens hun stages. Tijdschr Geneesk. 2021; [Crossref]
161- Yildizeli Topçu S, Kizilcik Özkan Z, Makal Orğan E, Ünver S, Soydaş D, Yildiz Findik Ü. Effect of the pandemic on stress perception of nursing students during clinical internships: A cross-sectional study. Teaching and Learning in Nursing. 2023; [Crossref]
162- Cipolletta S, Andreghetti G, Mioni G. Risk Perception towards COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Qualitative Synthesis. IJERPH. 2022;19(8):4649 [Crossref]
163- Oña-Toapanta I, Armas-Vega A, Cabrera-Arias M. Nivel de conocimiento de Covid-19 entre estudiantes, docentes y personal administrativo que pertenecen a la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Central del Ecuador. Rev Fac Odontol Univ Antioq. 2023;35(2):18 [Crossref]
164- Pulido F, Cayabyab R, Adversalo A, Baylon A, Centeno A, Dizon A, Formoso M, Hernando A, Jucutan E, Maltu J, Pia D, Sally C, Tulagan A. Anxiety among student nurses in the Philippines: A gender and year-level analysis and its contributing factors in the COVID-19 context. J Healthc Adm. 2023;2(2):146 [Crossref]
165- Mortada E, Elhessewi G. Assessment of perceived risk and precautionary behavior toward COVID-19 pandemic using the health belief model, Saudi Arabia. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2022;97(1) [Crossref]
166- Ranjbar Roghani A, Nemati R, Fathi Y, Sheikhnavaz Jahed S, Ajri Khamsloo F, Ajri Khamslou M. Knowledge and Attitude for Medical Students towards COVID-19. IJN. 2020;33(126):44 [Crossref]
167- Wake A.

Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, and Associated Factors Regarding the Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic

. IDR. 2020;Volume 13:3817 [Crossref]
168- Tseng K, Lin H, Lin J, Chen I, Hsu C. Under the COVID-19 Environment, Will Tourism Decision Making, Environmental Risks, and Epidemic Prevention Attitudes Affect the People’s Firm Belief in Participating in Leisure Tourism Activities?. IJERPH. 2021;18(14):7539 [Crossref]
169- Xiu X, Wang A, Qian Q, Wu S. The US Public’s Perception of the Threat of COVID-19 During the Rapid Spread of the COVID-19 Outbreak: Cross-Sectional Survey Study. J Med Internet Res. 2021;23(2):e23400 [Crossref]
170- Salameh B, Basha S, Abdallah J, Basha W. Early perception, behavior, knowledge, and preventive practices related to COVID-19 among Palestinians. Glob Health Promot. 2022;29(1):33 [Crossref]
171- Oluwatoyin F, Abiola Y, Baba A. An Assessment of School Plant Management and Covid-19 Mitigation for Quality Assurance: Experience From Kwara State. IJRER. 2022;1(4):517 [Crossref]
172- Lyu X, Hu J, Xu X, Xianyu Y, Dong W. Factors influencing risk perception and nosocomial infection prevention practices of frontline nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Nurs. 2021;20(1) [Crossref]
173- Sahi P, Gupta A, Chakraborti A, Mandal A. Role, Knowledge, and Readiness of Medical Undergraduate Students and Factors Influencing their Willingness to Participate in the COVID-19 Pandemic. 2023;10(3):197 [Crossref]
174- Sari D, Amelia R, Dharmajaya R, Sari L, Fitri N. Positive Correlation Between General Public Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding COVID-19 Outbreak 1 Month After First Cases Reported in Indonesia. J Community Health. 2021;46(1):182 [Crossref]
175- Nebhinani M, Parihar A, Kumar A, Gomathi A, Nebhinani N, Rani R. COVID-19–induced anxiety and protective behaviour among nursing students: A survey from western India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2021;10(12):4483 [Crossref]
176- Jang G, Jang G, Ko S. Factors Influencing the Preventive Practice of International Students in South Korea against COVID-19 during the Pandemic. IJERPH. 2021;18(5):2259 [Crossref]
177- Meganathan M, Madhana Gopal K, Kameswari P. D. Evaluation of COVID-19 Cognizance among Pharmacy Students of South India. 2020;13(2):157 [Crossref]
178- Jubayer M, Kayshar M, Kabir M, Arifin M, Islam M, Rahman M, Limon M, Parven A, Meftaul I. COVID-19 knowledge, attitude, practices, and associated factors among Bangladeshi food handlers from various food industries. Public Health in Practice. 2023;5:100375 [Crossref]
179- Singh S, Gahlot A, Verma V, Singh M. A study of knowledge, attitude and practices regarding SARS COV-2 infection and its control amongst medical students of Rama Medical College Kanpur (U.P). IJFCM. 2020;7(3):134 [Crossref]
180- Rogowska A, Ochnik D, Kuśnierz C, Jakubiak M, Schütz A, Held M, Arzenšek A, Benatov J, Berger R, Korchagina E, Pavlova I, Blažková I, Konečná Z, Aslan I, Çınar O, Cuero-Acosta Y. Satisfaction with life among university students from nine countries: Cross-national study during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
181- Ghach W, Safwan J, Kerek R, Alwan N. Evaluation of awareness and performance towards COVID-related disinfectant use among the university communities in Lebanon. BMC Public Health. 2023;23(1) [Crossref]
182- Zare Bidaki M, Aramjoo H, Ram M, Enayati H, Ebrahimzadeh A. Evaluating COVID-19 Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice Among the Students of Birjand University of Medical Sciences: A Cross-sectional Survey. Mod Care J. 2021;18(4) [Crossref]
183- Shahbaznejad L, Navaeifar M, Movahedi F, Hosseinzadeh F, Fahimzad S, Serati Shirazi Z, Rezai M. Knowledge, attitude and practice of Sari birth cohort members during early weeks of COVID-19 outbreak in Iran. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
184- Sarsak H. Psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on medical and rehabilitation sciences university students in Saudi Arabia. WOR. 2022;71(3):473 [Crossref]
185- Rahman A, Khoso M, Shaikh Z, Malik E, Siyal F, Rahoojo A, Humayun A, Shaikh S, Baig M, Unar A, Unar K, Salem R, Shahani M. Myths and realities: A novel study on COVID-19 among the medical students of Rural university of Sindh, Pakistan. Arch Pharma Pract. 2021;12(1):16 [Crossref]
186- KM P, Harsha S, Sundararajan P. Knowledge, Preventive Behaviour and Risk Perception about COVID-19 in Health Care Professional Students. Biomed Pharmacol J. 2022;15(2):1069 [Crossref]
187- Yu J, Lin H, Lo Y, Tseng K, Hsu C. Is the Travel Bubble under COVID-19 a Feasible Idea or Not?. IJERPH. 2021;18(11):5717 [Crossref]
188- Wohlfarth B, Gloor B, Hautz W. Challenges of students and residents of human medicine in the first four months of the fight against the Covid-19 pandemic – Implications for future waves and scenarios. BMC Med Educ. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
189- Sun Y, Wang D, Han Z, Gao J, Zhu S, Zhang H. Disease Prevention Knowledge, Anxiety, and Professional Identity during COVID-19 Pandemic in Nursing Students in Zhengzhou, China. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2020;50(4):533 [Crossref]
190- Yousefi Sharami S, Yousefnezhad A, Nokhostin F. An immune-centric investigation of Coronavirus in the women with cancers; A review article. J Family Med Prim Care. 2021;10(1):56 [Crossref]
191- Booth R, Peker M, Yavuz B, Aksu A. Estimated probabilities of positive, vs. negative, events show separable correlations with COVID-19 preventive behaviours. Personality and Individual Differences. 2022;191:111576 [Crossref]
192- Luo Y, Chen L, Yang S, Hong S. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) toward COVID-19 Pandemic among the Public in Taiwan: A Cross-Sectional Study. IJERPH. 2022;19(5):2784 [Crossref]
193- Lee N, Kim H. Nursing Students’ Perceptions of Factors Influencing Nursing Intentions toward COVID-19 Patients. Healthcare. 2024;12(3):285 [Crossref]
194- Anand A, Gupta A, Singh S, Pyakurel S, Karkee R, Pyakurel P. Knowledge and attitude regarding the COVID-19 pandemic among undergraduate health science students of Nepal: An online survey. SAGE Open Medicine. 2023;11 [Crossref]
195- HOŞGÖR H, AKÖZLÜ Z, GÜNDÜZ HOŞGÖR D. The perception concerning the COVID-19 pandemic: case of Turkey. 2021;7(2):116 [Crossref]
196- Camelier-Mascarenhas M, Jesuino T, Queirós V, Brito L, Fernandes S, Almeida A. Mental health evaluation in medical students during academic activity suspension in the pandemic. Rev bras educ med. 2023;47(3) [Crossref]
197- Hoang P, Tran N, Nguyen T, Nguyen T. Barriers to COVID‐19 contact tracing: View from frontline healthcare students in Vietnam. Public Health Nursing. 2023;40(4):528 [Crossref]
198- Lanciano T, Graziano G, Curci A, Costadura S, Monaco A. Risk Perceptions and Psychological Effects During the Italian COVID-19 Emergency. Front Psychol. 2020;11 [Crossref]
199- Mojtahedzadeh N, Neumann F, Rohwer E, Nienhaus A, Augustin M, Harth V, Zyriax B, Mache S. The Health Behaviour of German Outpatient Caregivers in Relation to the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Mixed-Methods Study. IJERPH. 2021;18(15):8213 [Crossref]
200- Ma P, So W, Choi H. Using the Health Belief Model to Assess the Physical Exercise Behaviors of International Students in South Korea during the Pandemic. Healthcare. 2023;11(4):469 [Crossref]
201- Jaber M, Alfarra M, Abdelmagied M, Varma S, El-Ameen E, Abu Fanas S, Scribante A. Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice among Dental Sciences and Internship Students in Ajman University, United Arab Emirates: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Dentistry. 2023;2023:1 [Crossref]
202- Alsuliman T, Alasadi L, Kasem R, Hawat M, Almansour M, Al Khalaf R, Alhalabi M. Assessment of medical students’ preparedness and willingness for integration into a war-torn healthcare system: the example of COVID-19 pandemic scenario. Medicine, Conflict and Survival. 2022;38(1):31 [Crossref]
203- Kieu M, Senanayake G. Perception, experience and resilience to risks: a global analysis. Sci Rep. 2023;13(1) [Crossref]
204- SoleimanvandiAzar N, Irandoost S, Ahmadi S, Xosravi T, Ranjbar H, Mansourian M, Yoosefi Lebni J. Explaining the reasons for not maintaining the health guidelines to prevent COVID-19 in high-risk jobs: a qualitative study in Iran. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
205- Nazar W, Leszkowicz J, Pieńkowska A, Brzeziński M, Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz A, Plata-Nazar K. Before-and-after online community survey on knowledge and perception of COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Infect Dis. 2020;20(1) [Crossref]
206- Gallè F, Sabella E, Ferracuti S, De Giglio O, Caggiano G, Protano C, Valeriani F, Parisi E, Valerio G, Liguori G, Montagna M, Romano Spica V, Da Molin G, Orsi G, Napoli C. Sedentary Behaviors and Physical Activity of Italian Undergraduate Students during Lockdown at the Time of CoViD−19 Pandemic. IJERPH. 2020;17(17):6171 [Crossref]
207- Hamad A, Selim R, Amer B, Diab R, Elazb M, Elbanna E, Negida A. COVID-19 Risk Perception and Adherence to Preventive Measures among Medical Students after Receiving COVID-19 Vaccination: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study in Egypt. Vaccines. 2022;11(1):7 [Crossref]
208- Elhadi M, Msherghi A, Alsoufi A, Buzreg A, Bouhuwaish A, Khaled A, Alhadi A, Alameen H, Biala M, Elgherwi A, Elkhafeefi F, Elmabrouk A, Abdulmalik A, Alhaddad S, Khaled A, Elgzairi M. Knowledge, preventive behavior and risk perception regarding COVID-19: a self-reported study on college students. Pan Afr Med J. 2020;35(Supp 2) [Crossref]
209- Kecojevic A, Basch C, Sullivan M, Davi N, Vickers K. The impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on mental health of undergraduate students in New Jersey, cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(9):e0239696 [Crossref]
210- Su Z, McDonnell D, Wen J, Kozak M, Abbas J, Šegalo S, Li X, Ahmad J, Cheshmehzangi A, Cai Y, Yang L, Xiang Y. Mental health consequences of COVID-19 media coverage: the need for effective crisis communication practices. Global Health. 2021;17(1) [Crossref]
211- Salameh B, Basha S, Basha W, Abdallah J. Knowledge, Perceptions, and Prevention Practices among Palestinian University Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Questionnaire-Based Survey. INQUIRY. 2021;58:004695802199394 [Crossref]
212- Roshanshad R, Roshanshad A, Molavi Vardanjani H, Mashhadiagha A, Mobarakabadi M, Hoveidaei A, Hoveidaei A. Risk perception, attitude, and practice related to COVID-19: A cross-sectional study among 1085 Iranian healthcare workers. Annals of Medicine and Surgery. 2021;70:102865 [Crossref]
213- Awareness and Preparedness of Egyptian House Officers toward COVID-19 Pandemic. AHS. 2021;:1 [Crossref]
214- Lindemann I, Simonetti A, Amaral C, Riffel R, Simon T, Stobbe J, Acrani G. Percepção do medo de ser contaminado pelo novo coronavírus. J bras psiquiatr. 2021;70(1):3 [Crossref]
215- Saeed S, Awasthi A, Nandi D, Kaur K, Hasan S, Janardhanan R. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards COVID-19 among individuals with associated comorbidities. JMedLife. 2021;14(2):225 [Crossref]
216- Lee K, Yap S, Ong H, Leong P, Mohamad Hatta N, Lye M. Knowledge, Perceptions and Behaviors Related to COVID-19 in a University Setting in Malaysia. Front Public Health. 2022;10 [Crossref]
217- ILISULU C, KORUYUCU M, BAYSAN C, KASIMOGLU Y, SEYMEN F. Evaluation of dental students' knowledge, attitudes and behaviors regarding COVID-19 infection: a cross-sectional survey. Minerva Dent Oral Sc. 2023;72(3) [Crossref]
218- Altulaihi B, Alharbi K, Alaboodi T, Alkanhal H, Alobaid M, Aldraimly M. Factors and Determinants for Uptake of COVID-19 Vaccine in a Medical University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 2021; [Crossref]
219- Al-Faouri I, Hayajneh W, Al-zoubi N, Yusef D, Al-Ghazo M, Obeidat B, Issa A, Alrabadi N. Knowledge of health care workers regarding COVID-19 pandemic response plan; A study from a university affiliated hospital in Jordan. Heliyon. 2021;7(6):e07432 [Crossref]
220- Kim N. Social and Health Beliefs Related to College Students’ COVID-19 Preventive Behavior. Healthcare. 2023;11(13):1869 [Crossref]
221- Choo J, Park S, Noh S. Associations of COVID-19 Knowledge and Risk Perception with the Full Adoption of Preventive Behaviors in Seoul. IJERPH. 2021;18(22):12102 [Crossref]
222- Yavuz M, Altinbaş B, Sarimehmet D, Gursoy A, Özel C. Faculty of health sciences students' knowledge and attitudes toward coronavirus disease 2019 during the first wave of the pandemic: A cross-sectional survey. J Integr Nurs. 2022;4(3):151 [Crossref]
223- DOĞAN YÜKSEKOL Ö, NAZİK F, BALTACI N, ULUCAN M. Determination of Anxiety Levels and Knowledge Levels about COVID-19 during COVID-19 Outbreak of Pregnants: Survey in Turkey. 2023;7(2):579 [Crossref]
224- Puspitasari I, Yusuf L, Sinuraya R, Abdulah R, Koyama H.

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review

. JMDH. 2020;Volume 13:727 [Crossref]
225- Wheeler D, Chibbaro S, Karoutis I, Safa A, Tinterri B, Calgaro G, Chung Yin W, Zaed I. A study investigating the knowledge and responses of Italian medical students to the COVID-19 pandemic. Pathogens and Global Health. 2021;115(4):250 [Crossref]
226- Ren J, Zhang Z, Mei Y, Wang W, Sun Q, Wang M, Hui Z. Risk perception of COVID-19 among college students in China: Latent profile analysis. Front Public Health. 2022;10 [Crossref]
227- BURUCU R, DURMAZ M. Nursing Students’ Applications, Knowledge Needs, Self-Efficacy During COVID-19: A Descriptive Study. 2022;(18):842 [Crossref]
228- ShahAli S, Choobsaz H, Ebrahimi R. COVID-19 related knowledge, anxiety, depression and physical activity among Iranian people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis during COVID-19 pandemic: an online cross-sectional survey. European Journal of Physiotherapy. 2023;25(1):43 [Crossref]
229- Rosa D, de Sousa S, da Silva M, Gamboge L, Deusdará R, Lapa J. Knowledge about COVID-19 and Associated Factors Early in the Outbreak among the Brazilian Population. IJERPH. 2022;19(21):13824 [Crossref]
230- Al-Qahtani A, Elgzar W, Ibrahim H, Elfeki N, Shaikh I, Shaikh M, Al Kayyadi A, Alyami M, Al Mani N, Kuzman H, Alherz R, Sabihah S. The Coronavirus Disease Pandemic: Assessment of Perceived Barriers and Threats among Undergraduate University Students in Saudi Arabia. J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2021;15(1):155 [Crossref]
231- Malik U, Atif N, Hashmi F, Saleem F, Saeed H, Islam M, Jiang M, Zhao M, Yang C, Fang Y. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Healthcare Professionals on COVID-19 and Risk Assessment to Prevent the Epidemic Spread: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study from Punjab, Pakistan. IJERPH. 2020;17(17):6395 [Crossref]
232- Yang S, Kim M. Factors Influencing Preventive Behavior of COVID-19 among Nursing Students in South Korea. IJERPH. 2022;19(19):12094 [Crossref]
233- Miri K, Sabbaghi M, Mazlum S, Namazinia M. The trend of change in the role of pre-hospital emergency medical services in Iran’s healthcare system: a situational analysis. BMC Emerg Med. 2023;23(1) [Crossref]
234- Saravanan C, Mahmoud I, Elshami W, Taha M. Knowledge, Anxiety, Fear, and Psychological Distress About COVID-19 Among University Students in the United Arab Emirates. Front Psychiatry. 2020;11 [Crossref]
235- ESMAEELINEJAD M, MIRMOHAMMADKHANI M, NAGHIPOUR A, HASANIAN S, KHORASANIAN S. Knowledge and attitudes of Iranian dental students regarding infection control during the COVID-19 pandemic. Braz oral res. 2020;34 [Crossref]
236- Feyisa Z, Romer D. Factors limiting youths’ practice of preventive measures toward the outbreak of COVID-19 in Oromia special zone surrounding Finfinnee, Ethiopia. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(3):e0248495 [Crossref]
237- Amiri P, Moulaei K, Bahaadinbeigy K, Ghaemi M, Sheikhtaheri A. The information‐seeking behavior of medical sciences students toward COVID‐19 in mass and social media: A cross‐sectional study. Health Science Reports. 2022;5(3) [Crossref]
238- BÜYÜKBAYRAKTAR Z, KARAHAN S, AĞADAYI E, DORUK C. Diş hekimliği öğrencilerinin Koronavirüs bilgi düzeyleri, koruyucu davranışları ve korku seviyeleri. 2022;9(1):119 [Crossref]
239- Zhang Q, Lu X, Liao M, Zhang X, Yao L. Cognition and Social Behaviors Related to COVID-19 Among Students in Medical Colleges: A Cross-Sectional Study in Guangdong Province of China. Front Public Health. 2022;10 [Crossref]
240- Abdulwahab M, Kamal M, AlAli A, Husain Y, Safar M. Knowledge and Perceptions of COVID-19 Among Health Care Professionals, Medical Students, and Dental Students in the GCC Region: A Cross-Sectional Correlational Study. JMDH. 2021;Volume 14:1223 [Crossref]
241- Woo C, Park J, Joe S. Factors influencing nursing students’ participatory behaviour during COVID-19. Collegian. 2022;29(5):628 [Crossref]
242- Mensah C, Azila-Gbettor E, Amissah E, Addison E. COVID-19, Financial Anxiety and the Psychological Well-being of Hotel Workers. International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration. 2023;24(1):142 [Crossref]
243- KAYA U, GÜNEŞ E, EREN E, ISSA M, GÜLER E, AYKAÇ A, CAKİR N, SÜER K. Evaluation of Turkish Cypriots’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors About The COVID-19: A Descriptive Study. 2022;8(1):106 [Crossref]
244- Emran E, Khoshgoftar M, Tahmasebi F, Khanjari G, Ghobadi K, Pirzadeh A. Study of knowledge, attitude, and practice in over 20-year-old individuals regarding the new Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Iran. Health Science Monitor. 2023;2(3):142 [Crossref]
245- Aristovnik A, Keržič D, Ravšelj D, Tomaževič N, Umek L. Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Life of Higher Education Students: A Global Perspective. Sustainability. 2020;12(20):8438 [Crossref]
246- Ahmed H. Adherence to COVID-19 preventive measures among male medical students, Egypt. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2022;97(1) [Crossref]
247- KILINÇ N, ERCİ B. Covıd-19 Bilgi Düzeyinin Sağlık Çalışanlarının Tutum Ve Davranışlarına Etkisi. 2022;7(1):32 [Crossref]
248- Lau L, Hung N, Go D, Ferma J, Choi M, Dodd W, Wei X. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of COVID-19 among income-poor households in the Philippines: A cross-sectional study. 2020;10(1) [Crossref]
249- Pourghaznein T, Salati S, Jamali J, Khazaei E. Relationship Between Anxiety and Self-care Behaviors in Iranian Medical Students During COVID-19 Epidemic. Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care. 2022;11(2) [Crossref]
250- Alali W, AlFouzan W, Alajmi D, Al-Tawalah H, Kheirallah K, Yimer G. Perception and awareness of COVID-19 among health science students and staff of Kuwait University: An online cross-sectional study. F1000Res. 2021;10:566 [Crossref]
251- Gupta P, Kumar A, Joshi S. A review of knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID‐19 with future directions and open challenges. Journal of Public Affairs. 2021;21(4) [Crossref]
252- Gritzner A, Scurr T, Pearce C, Sorrell L, Dalton G, Solola J, Derry D. Altruism in medical education: assessing attitudes of hospital in-patients towards face-to-face contact with medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Med Educ. 2023;23(1) [Crossref]
253- Ye Y, Wang R, Feng D, Wu R, Li Z, Long C, Feng Z, Tang S. The Recommended and Excessive Preventive Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Community-Based Online Survey in China. IJERPH. 2020;17(19):6953 [Crossref]
254- Umakanthan S, Ramlagan A, Ramlal C, Ramlal P, Ramlochan D, Ramlogan A, Ramnarace P, Ramnarine T, Ramnath A. COVID-19 Awareness among Undergraduate Medical Students in Trinidad: A Cross-Sectional Study. IME. 2022;1(2):22 [Crossref]
255- Jalilian M, Kakaei H, Nourmoradi H, Bakhtiyari S, Mazloomi S, Mirzaei A. Health Information Seeking Behaviors Related to COVID-19 Among Young People: An Online Survey. Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2021;10(1) [Crossref]
256- Ketata N, Ben Ayed H, Trigui M, Maamri H, Ben Hmida M, Ben Jemaa M, Baklouti M, Yaich S, Kassis M, Feki H, Damak J. Knowledge, attitudes, practices, and their associated factors against the growing threat of COVID-19 among medical students. ELECTRON J GEN MED. 2022;19(6):em415 [Crossref]
257- Lee K, Kim H. Factors Influencing Senior Nursing Students’ COVID-19 Psychological Distress: A Cross-sectional Study. J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs. 2023;30(1):115 [Crossref]
258- Jaber M, Abdelmagied M, Mirghani Z, El-Ameen E, Alfarra M. Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) knowledge and perception among medical students in Ajman United Arab Emirates: A Cross-sectional Study. RJPT. 2023;:3228 [Crossref]
259- Gohel K, Patel P, Shah P, Patel J, Pandit N, Raut A. Knowledge and perceptions about COVID-19 among the medical and allied health science students in India: An online cross-sectional survey. Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health. 2021;9:104 [Crossref]
260- Liu B, Liu H, Han B, Zhao T, Sun T, Tan X, Cui F. Trends and Factors Associated With Risk Perception, Anxiety, and Behavior From the Early Outbreak Period to the Controlled Period of COVID-19 Epidemic: Four Cross-Sectional Online Surveys in China in 2020. Front Public Health. 2022;9 [Crossref]
261- Bughrara M, Swanberg S, Lucia V, Schmitz K, Jung D, Wunderlich-Barillas T. Beyond COVID-19: the impact of recent pandemics on medical students and their education: a scoping review. Medical Education Online. 2023;28(1) [Crossref]
262- Taddese A, Azene Z, Merid M, Muluneh A, Geberu D, Kassa G, Yenit M, Tilahun S, Gelaye K, Mekonnen H, Azagew A, Wubneh C, Belay G, Assimamaw N, Agegnehu C, Azale T, Tamiru A, Rade B, Taye E, Andualem Z, Dagne H, Gashaye K, Kabito G, Mekonnen T, Daba S, Azanaw J, Adane T, Alemayehu M, Kumar R. Knowledge and attitude of the communities towards COVID-19 and associated factors among Gondar City residents, northwest Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(4):e0248821 [Crossref]
263- Yalew Z, Yitayew Y, Mohammed E, Gezihagne T. Health Communication, Knowledge, Perception and Behavioral Responses to COVID-19 Outbreak in Dessie, Kombolcha and Kemissie Towns, Amhara Region, Northeast Ethiopia: A Mixed-Method Study. JMDH. 2021;Volume 14:1083 [Crossref]
264- Alsoghair M, Almazyad M, Alburaykan T, Alsultan A, Alnughaymishi A, Almazyad S, Alharbi M, Alkassas W, Almadud A, Alsuhaibani M. Medical Students and COVID-19: Knowledge, Preventive Behaviors, and Risk Perception. IJERPH. 2021;18(2):842 [Crossref]
265- Koh T, Ling A, Chiang C, Lee G, Tay H, Yi H. Attitudes towards COVID-19 precautionary measures and willingness to work during an outbreak among medical students in Singapore: a mixed-methods study. BMC Med Educ. 2021;21(1) [Crossref]
266- Korzebor M, Nahavandi N. A system dynamics model of the COVID‐19 pandemic considering risk perception: A case study of Iran. Risk Analysis. 2023; [Crossref]
267- Alcántara-Garcés M, Rodríguez-Ramírez A, García-Ulloa A, García-Alanis M, Martínez-Reyes G, Del Moral Vidal L, Arizmendi-Rodríguez R, Hernández-Jiménez S, Almeda-Valdes P, Krishnasastry S. Coping and risk perception during the COVID-19 pandemic in type 2 diabetes: Does it influence metabolic control?. PLOS Glob Public Health. 2024;4(2):e0002793 [Crossref]
268- Falcón G, Moncada M, Rojas T, Arias G, Camacho C, Correa M, Lluncor E. Preventing COVID-19 as a nursing student through social networks in their family-social environment. Rev Bras Enferm. 2022;75( suppl 1) [Crossref]
269- Galić M, Mustapić L, Šimunić A, Sić L, Cipolletta S. COVID-19 Related Knowledge and Mental Health: Case of Croatia. Front Psychol. 2020;11 [Crossref]
270- Loda T, Löffler T, Erschens R, Zipfel S, Herrmann-Werner A, Wilkinson J. Medical education in times of COVID-19: German students’ expectations – A cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(11):e0241660 [Crossref]
271- Zamil J, Atrooz F, Majd Z, Zeidat S, Alrousan G, Abughosh S, Salim S. Perception Regarding Knowledge of COVID-19 Prevention in a Sample of a Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) Community in Houston, Texas, USA. IJERPH. 2022;19(1):524 [Crossref]
272- Rui J, Yang K, Chen J. Information Sources, Risk Perception, and Efficacy Appraisal’s Prediction of Engagement in Protective Behaviors Against COVID-19 in China: Repeated Cross-sectional Survey. JMIR Hum Factors. 2021;8(1):e23232 [Crossref]
273- Ashebir W, Yimer B, Alle A, Teshome M, Teka Y, Wolde A, Musoke D. Knowledge, attitude, practice, and factors associated with prevention practice towards COVID-19 among healthcare providers in Amhara region, northern Ethiopia: A multicenter cross-sectional study. PLOS Glob Public Health. 2022;2(4):e0000171 [Crossref]
274- Tagini S, Brugnera A, Ferrucci R, Mazzocco K, Pievani L, Priori A, Ticozzi N, Compare A, Silani V, Pravettoni G, Poletti B. Attachment, Personality and Locus of Control: Psychological Determinants of Risk Perception and Preventive Behaviors for COVID-19. Front Psychol. 2021;12 [Crossref]
275- Banerjee S, Sarvottam K, Gupta A. Assessment of the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Indian Medical Students Towards Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) After Two Doses of Vaccination and Their Approach Towards the Third (Booster) Dose. 2024; [Crossref]
276- Carreño Moreno S, Chaparro Díaz L, Cifuentes Tinjaca C, Perilla Portilla F, Viancha Patiño E. Conocimientos, actitudes, prácticas, temor y estrés ante el Covid-19 en estudiantes y recién egresados de Enfermería en Colombia. Rev Cuid. 2021; [Crossref]
277- Tegegne G, Kefale B, Engidaw M, Degu A, Tesfa D, Ewunetei A, Yazie T, Molla M. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Healthcare Providers Toward Novel Coronavirus 19 During the First Months of the Pandemic: A Systematic Review. Front Public Health. 2021;9 [Crossref]
278- Fakhriani R, Ulfa M, Maryani N, Sutantri S, Permana I, Setyonugroho W. Investigating Knowledge toward COVID-19 Vaccination: A Cross-sectional Survey in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2022;10(E):865 [Crossref]
279- Hsu C, Lin H, Wang C, Jhang S. How to Defend COVID-19 in Taiwan? Talk about People’s Disease Awareness, Attitudes, Behaviors and the Impact of Physical and Mental Health. IJERPH. 2020;17(13):4694 [Crossref]
280- Shen C, Tseng Y, Shen M, Lin H. Effects of Sports Massage on the Physiological and Mental Health of College Students Participating in a 7-Week Intermittent Exercises Program. IJERPH. 2021;18(9):5013 [Crossref]
281- Borges J, Byrne M. Investigating COVID-19 risk perception and preventive behaviours in third-level students in Ireland. Acta Psychologica. 2022;224:103535 [Crossref]
282- Gebretsadik D, Gebremichael S, Belete M. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Toward COVID-19 Pandemic Among Population Visiting Dessie Health Center for COVID-19 Screening, Northeast Ethiopia. IDR. 2021;Volume 14:905 [Crossref]
283- Arslanca T, Fidan C, Daggez M, Dursun P, Villar L. Knowledge, preventive behaviors and risk perception of the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study in Turkish health care workers. PLoS ONE. 2021;16(4):e0250017 [Crossref]
284- Canti N, Mohd Zain N, Embong H. Knowledge on Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and Practice of COVID-19 Prevention Among Students in the Health Campus. Int J Care Scholars. 2022;5(2):75 [Crossref]
285- Alwan N, Almazrouei S, Almazrouei M, Aldhaheri J, Alismaili F, Ghach W. Evaluation of public awareness and performance toward the safe use of household disinfectants-cleaners to prevent COVID-19 in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. Front Public Health. 2023;11 [Crossref]
286- Karimian Z, Farrokhi M, Moghadami M, Zarifsanaiey N, Mehrabi M, Khojasteh L, Salehi N. Medical education and COVID-19 pandemic: a crisis management model towards an evolutionary pathway. Educ Inf Technol. 2022;27(3):3299 [Crossref]
287- Domínguez-Salas S, Gómez-Salgado J, Andrés-Villas M, Díaz-Milanés D, Romero-Martín M, Ruiz-Frutos C. Psycho-Emotional Approach to the Psychological Distress Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study. Healthcare. 2020;8(3):190 [Crossref]
288- Polychronis G, Roupa Z. Health Workers' knowledge and perception regarding the risk of spread of COVID‐19 during the pandemic: A systematic review. Journal of Public Affairs. 2021;21(4) [Crossref]
289- Mudenda S, Botha M, Mukosha M, Daka V, Chileshe M, Mwila K, Banda M, Mfune R, Mufwambi W, Kampamba M, Hikaambo C. Knowledge and Attitudes towards COVID-19 Prevention Measures among Residents of Lusaka District in Zambia. AQUADEMIA. 2022;6(1):ep22005 [Crossref]
290- UZUN S, ÇELİKYÜREK N, ERGİN A. Risk perception and preventive behaviors among Turkish medical students during early period of the COVID-19 pandemic. 2021;46(2):460 [Crossref]
291- Vatan A, Güçlü E, Öğütlü A, Kibar F, Karabay O. Knowledge and attitudes towards COVID-19 among emergency medical service workers. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 2020;66(11):1553 [Crossref]
292- Chang K, Hung C, Lin T, Lin H, Chen Y, M.A B. A Study on the Effects of Chinese Massage on Physical and Mental Health in Participants Based Smart Healthcare. Journal of Healthcare Engineering. 2022;2022:1 [Crossref]
293- Xiang T, Li J, Guo Y, Ye X. Effects of risk perception on commuters’ mode choice behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Shenzhen, China. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. 2023;99:221 [Crossref]
294- Quansah F, Anin S, Hagan J, Agormedah E, Oduro P, Srem-Sai M, Frimpong J, Schack T. Analysis of COVID-19 Risk Perception and Its Correlates among University Students in Ghana. COVID. 2022;2(8):1125 [Crossref]
295- AlOmar R, AlShamlan N, AlAmer N, Aldulijan F, AlMuhaidib S, Almukhadhib O, Algarni S, Alshaibani A, Darwish M, Al Shammari M. What are the barriers and facilitators of volunteering among healthcare students during the COVID-19 pandemic? A Saudi-based cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2021;11(2):e042910 [Crossref]
296- Niksirat S, Rouhani‐Tonekaboni N, Shakiba M, Kasmaei P. Preventive behaviors against COVID‐19 among health care providers in Iran: A cross‐sectional study. Health Science Reports. 2024;7(2) [Crossref]
297- Ahmadi S, Jorjoran Shushtari Z, Shirazikhah M, Biglarian A, Irandoost S, Paykani T, Almasi A, Rajabi-Gilan N, Mehedi N, Salimi Y. Social Determinants of Adherence to COVID-19 Preventive Guidelines in Iran: A Qualitative Study. INQUIRY. 2022;59:004695802210841 [Crossref]
298- GÜLDAŞ N, AÇIKGÖZ A. Evaluation of Health Technician Students' Knowledge and Behaviors Regarding COVID-19 and Protective Measures. 2023;7(1):479 [Crossref]
299- Abate H, Mekonnen C.

Knowledge, Attitude, and Precautionary Measures Towards COVID-19 Among Medical Visitors at the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital Northwest Ethiopia

. IDR. 2020;Volume 13:4355 [Crossref]
300- Rokhgireh S, Sabet B, Chaichian S, Derakhshan F, Haghighi L, Derakhshan R, Kohan N, Iqbal N. Medical students’ perceptions towards distance e-Learning in gynecology ward during the COVID-19 pandemic. PLoS ONE. 2023;18(3):e0283253 [Crossref]
301- Akalu Y, Ayelign B, Molla M.

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards COVID-19 Among Chronic Disease Patients at Addis Zemen Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

. IDR. 2020;Volume 13:1949 [Crossref]
302- Micheletti Cremasco M, Mulasso A, Moroni A, Testa A, Degan R, Rainoldi A, Rabaglietti E. Relation among Perceived Weight Change, Sedentary Activities and Sleep Quality during COVID-19 Lockdown: A Study in an Academic Community in Northern Italy. IJERPH. 2021;18(6):2943 [Crossref]


SCImago Journal & Country Rank

About Us

A Monthly Peer-Reviewed Medical Journal Published by the Academy of Medical Sciences of the I.R. Iran; Indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINHAL, PASCAL, CSA, SID, ISSN: Print 1029-2977, Online 1735-3947.The impact factor of Archives of Iranian Medicine according to Journal Citation Reports® (JCR®) 2016 is 1.20.