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Arch Iran Med. 2021;24(5): 344-353. doi: 10.34172/aim.2021.51

Original Article

Levels and Trends of BMI, Obesity, and Overweight at National and Sub-national Levels in Iran from 1990 to 2016; A Comprehensive Pooled Analysis of Half a Million Individuals

Shirin Djalalinia 1,2, Parinaz Mehdipour 2, Bahram Mohajer 2, Farnam Mohebi 2, Bagher Larijani 3, Sadaf G. Sepanlou 4, Ali Ghanbari 2, Niloofar Peykari 5, Amir Kasaeian 6, Forough Pazhuheian 2, Anoosheh Ghasemian 2, Reza Malekzadeh 4, Farshad Farzadfar 2,3 *

Cited by CrossRef: 18


1- Asghari-Jafarabadi M, Gholipour K, Khodayari-Zarnaq R, Azmin M, Alizadeh G. Estimation of myocardial infarction death in Iran: artificial neural network. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2022;22(1) [Crossref]
2- Moradi S, Parsaei A, Saeedi Moghaddam S, Aryannejad A, Azadnajafabad S, Rezaei N, Mashinchi B, Esfahani Z, Shobeiri P, Rezaei N, Naghavi M, Larijani B, Farzadfar F. Metabolic risk factors attributed burden in Iran at national and subnational levels, 1990 to 2019. Front Public Health. 2023;11 [Crossref]
3- Bazzazian S, Ozgoli G, Riazi H, Mahmoodi Z, Vafa M, Nasiri M. The relationship between social determinants of health and postpartum weight retention based on the World Health Organization model: path analysis. BMC Public Health. 2023;23(1) [Crossref]
4- Sadeghniiat-Haghighi K, Akbarpour S, Behkar A, Moradzadeh R, Alemohammad Z, Forouzan N, Mouseli A, Amirifard H, Najafi A. A nationwide study on the prevalence and contributing factors of obstructive sleep apnea in Iran. Sci Rep. 2023;13(1) [Crossref]
5- Shokri Varniab Z, Saeedi Moghaddam S, Pourabhari Langroudi A, Azadnajafabad S, Mortazavi S, Sheidaei A, Gohari K, Farzi Y, Shirzad Moghaddam Z, Sohrabi H, Shati M. The levels and trends of cancer incidence in the elderly population at national and sub‐national scales in Iran from 1990 to 2016. Cancer Reports. 2024;7(1) [Crossref]
6- Shokri Varniab Z, Saeedi Moghaddam S, Pourabhari Langroudi A, Shati M, Koolaji S, Ghanbari A, Mehdipour P, Barakati S, Moghadam M, Shobeiri P, Esfahani Z, Sharifnejad Tehrani Y, Salahi S, Bagheri H, Mortazavi S. The levels and trends of metabolic risk factors in the elderly population at the national and sub-national scale in Iran from 1990 to 2016. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2023;22(2):1645 [Crossref]
7- Khashayar P, Sharifnejad Tehrani Y, Tabatabaei-Malazy O, Khashayar P, Saeedi Moghaddam S, Shobeiri P, Golestani A, Esfahani Z, Shokri Varniab Z, Nasserinejad M, Pourabhari Langroudi A, Dilmaghani-Marand A, Kazemi A, Rezaei N, Larijani B. The national trend of the burden of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in Iran from 1990 to 2019. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2023;22(2):1657 [Crossref]
8- Shafiee A, Nayebirad S, Najafi M, Jalali A, Alaeddini F, Saadat S, Masoudkabir F, Hosseini K, Vasheghani-Farahani A, Sadeghian S, Boroumand M, Karimi A, Franco O. Prevalence of obesity and overweight in an adult population of Tehran metropolis. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2023; [Crossref]
9- Farzadfar F, Yousefi M, Jafari-Khounigh A, Khorrami Z, Haghdoost A, Shadmani F. Trend and projection of non-communicable diseases risk factors in Iran from 2001 to 2030. Sci Rep. 2024;14(1) [Crossref]
10- Sobhani S, Kalantari F, Rasoul Zakavi S, Shafiei S, Ebrahimi Miandehi E, Eslami S, Aghaee A. Is There a Relationship Between Vascularity and Echogenicity of Thyroid Lobes in Ultrasonography With BMI? A Large Retrospective Cohort Study. Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography. 2022;38(5):404 [Crossref]
11- Koolaji S, Sharifnejad Tehrani Y, Azadnajafabad S, Saeedi Moghaddam S, Shahin S, Ghamari A, Ahmadi N, Rezaei N, Keykhaei M, Tavolinejad H, Ghamari S, Abbasi-Kangevari M, Rezaei N, Larijani B, Farzadfar F. A 30-year trend of ischemic heart disease burden in a developing country; a systematic analysis of the global burden of disease study 2019 in Iran. International Journal of Cardiology. 2023;379:127 [Crossref]
12- Ghasemi-Kebria F, Jafari-Delouie N, Semnani S, Fazel A, Etemadi A, Norouzi A, Khandoozi R, Besharat S, Shokouhifar N, Mirkarimi H, Sedaghat S, Mansoury M, Mehrjerdian M, Weiderpass E, Roshandel G, Bray F, Malekzadeh R. Colorectal cancer incidence trends in Golestan, Iran: An age-period-cohort analysis 2004–2018. Cancer Epidemiology. 2023;86:102415 [Crossref]
13- Hazar N, Jokar M, Namavari N, Hosseini S, Rahmanian V. An updated systematic review and Meta-analysis of the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Iran, 1996–2023. Front Public Health. 2024;12 [Crossref]
14- Ghasemi-Kebria F, Fazel A, Semnani S, Etemadi A, Naeimi-Tabiei M, Hasanpour-Heidari S, Salamat F, Jafari-Delouie N, Sedaghat S, Sadeghzadeh H, Akbari M, Mehrjerdian M, Weiderpass E, Roshandel G, Bray F, Malekzadeh R. Breast cancer incidence trends in Golestan, Iran: An age-period-cohort analysis by ethnic region, 2004-2018. Cancer Epidemiology. 2024;89:102525 [Crossref]
15- Djalalinia S, Azadnajafabad S, Rezaei N, Malekpour M, Ghasemi E, Yoosefi M, Naderimagham S, Ghamari A, Haghshenas R, Farzi Y, Moghaddam S, Rezaei N, Farzadfar F. The first nationally and sub-nationally representative non-communicable diseases cohort study in Iran: Iran Cohort Study (ICS) protocol. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2022;22(1):913 [Crossref]
16- Djalalinia S, Yoosefi M, Shahin S, Ghasemi E, Rezaei N, Ahmadi N, Rezaei N, Azmin M, Rezaei S, Nasserinejad M, Mohammadi E, Haghshenas R, Shabestari A, Jamshidi H, Dastjerdi M, Larijani B, Farzadfar F. The levels of BMI and patterns of obesity and overweight during the COVID-19 pandemic: Experience from the Iran STEPs 2021 survey. Front Endocrinol. 2022;13 [Crossref]
17- Abiri B, Ahmadi A, Amini S, Akbari M, Hosseinpanah F, Madinehzad S, Hejazi M, Rishehri A, Naserghandi A, Valizadeh M. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Iranian population: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Health Popul Nutr. 2023;42(1) [Crossref]
18- Oshidari Y, Salehi M, Kermani M, Jonidi Jafari A. Associations between long-term exposure to air pollution, diabetes, and hypertension in metropolitan Iran: an ecologic study. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 2024;34(6):2476 [Crossref]


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A Monthly Peer-Reviewed Medical Journal Published by the Academy of Medical Sciences of the I.R. Iran; Indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINHAL, PASCAL, CSA, SID, ISSN: Print 1029-2977, Online 1735-3947.The impact factor of Archives of Iranian Medicine according to Journal Citation Reports® (JCR®) 2016 is 1.20.