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Arch Iran Med. 2024;27(6): 323-333.
doi: 10.34172/aim.28107
  Abstract View: 112
  PDF Download: 73

Original Article

Prevalence of Self-reported Domestic Elder Abuse and Its Relation with Personality Traits of Older People and Their Family Caregivers

Shahin Salarvand 1* ORCID logo, Zahra Azizi 2* ORCID logo, Saeid Bitaraf 3 ORCID logo, Nahid Momeni-Safarabad 4 ORCID logo

1 Hepatitis Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
3 Epidemiology, Clinical Sciences Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
4 Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
*Corresponding Authors: Shahin Salarvand, Email: shsalarvand@lums.ac.ir; Zahra Azizi, Email: zahraazizi98770@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Elder abuse (EA) is a serious public health issue recognized as a healthcare priority. Personality traits can influence social behaviors. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of self-reported domestic EA and its relationship with personality traits of older people and their family caregivers.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2022. The research population included older people living in the urban community of the Lorestan Province (in the western region of Iran) selected by multistage cluster sampling. In general, 998 older people and their family caregivers were sampled. The data collection tool was a three-part questionnaire: a. demographic characteristics of the older people, b. questionnaire on the incidence of elder abuse, and c. short version of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory-Revised (NEO-FFI-R) for measuring the personality traits of the older people or family caregivers. The statistical software used was Stata 14.

Results: The present study reported that the prevalence of EA at home was 37.78%. In the present study, older age, female gender, unmarried/single status, lower education, unemployment, and rented house characteristics were predictors of EA. High agreeableness, high extroversion, and low neuroticism reduce conflict and tension in older people with their relatives and family, which appear to be protective factors against EA.

Conclusion: Policymakers and health experts should prepare training and screening programs to consider these factors so that older people exposed to EA can be identified more quickly and early interventions can be used to improve their health status and increase their quality of life.


Cite this article as: Salarvand S, Azizi Z, Bitaraf S, Momeni-Safarabad N. Prevalence of self-reported domestic elder abuse and its relation with personality traits of older people and their family caregivers. Arch Iran Med. 2024;27(6):323-333. doi: 10.34172/aim.28107
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Submitted: 28 Aug 2023
Accepted: 21 Apr 2024
ePublished: 25 May 2024
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