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Arch Iran Med. 2024;27(5): 265-271.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2024.38
  Abstract View: 175
  PDF Download: 57

Original Article

Pathological Assessment of the Appendix in Appendectomies Performed in Children

Farzaneh Javanmard 1* ORCID logo, Yasin Hasanzadegan Sadegh 2 ORCID logo

1 Department of Pathology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2 Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Farzaneh Javanmard, Email: javanmard.f@umsu.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Acute appendicitis is known as the most common diagnosis of acute abdomen leading to surgery. Therefore, timely diagnosis is of special importance. This study was conducted with the aim of pathological assessment of the appendix in appendectomies performed in children to determine the rate of negative appendectomies and the predictors of negative appendectomy and to evaluate the paraclinical tools used in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. All children who underwent appendectomy at Shahid Motahari Hospital in Urmia from March 2021 to March 2022 were examined. The required data including demographic, paraclinical, and final pathology characteristics were collected and recorded. The investigated cases were classified into positive and negative appendectomy categories for comparison.

Results: Among 234 pathology samples of the appendix, 22 cases were related to accidental appendectomy. In addition, 11.3% of cases were negative appendectomy and 88.7% were positive appendectomy. The age range of 8 to 14 years and male gender were associated with a lower negative appendectomy rate (both P<0.001). Inflammatory (49.5%) and gangrenous appendicitis (30.2%) were the most commonly reported histopathologies. Sonography had a sensitivity of 84%, a specificity of 79%, and an overall diagnostic accuracy of 83%.

Conclusion: A relatively significant number of accidental and negative appendectomies are performed. More careful investigation and the use of expectant and medical treatment instead of surgery, especially in females and young children, can be effective in improving diagnostic accuracy and preventing negative appendectomies.


Cite this article as: Javanmard F, Hasanzadegan Sadegh Y. Pathological assessment of the appendix in appendectomies performed in children. Arch Iran Med. 2024;27(5):265-271. doi: 10.34172/aim.2024.38
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Submitted: 30 May 2023
Accepted: 06 Aug 2023
ePublished: 01 May 2024
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