Arch Iran Med. 2024;27(6): 334-340.
doi: 10.34172/aim.25459
  Abstract View: 146
  PDF Download: 82

Original Article

Factors Associated with Extended Hospital Stay and its Impact on Subsequent Short-term Readmission with Tuberculosis Patients

Jing Cao 1* ORCID logo, Hebin Xie 1, Zikai Yu 1, Yu Zhang 1

1 The Affiliated Changsha Central Hospital, Hengyang Medical School, University of South China, Changsha 410004, China
*Corresponding Author: Jing Cao, Email: 523060736@qq.com


Background: This study aimed to explore the factors associated with extended length of stay (LOSE) for patients with tuberculosis (TB) in China, and construct a nomogram to predict it. In addition, the impact of extended hospital stay on short-term readmission after discharge was assessed.

Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted at Changsha Central Hospital, from January 2018 to December 2020. Patients (≥18 years who were first admitted to hospital for TB treatment) with non-multidrug-resistant TB were selected using the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10-CM), and the hospital’s electronic medical record system.

Results: A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the associations between TB and LOSE. The relationship between length of hospital stay and readmission within 31 days after discharge was assessed using a univariate Cox proportional risk model. A total of 14259 patients were included in this study (13629 patients in the development group and 630 in the validation group). The factors associated with extended hospital stays were age, smear positivity, extrapulmonary involvement, surgery, transfer from other medical structures, smoking, chronic liver disease, and drug-induced hepatitis. There was no statistical significance in the 31-day readmission rate of TB between the LOSE and length of stay≤14 days groups (hazards ratio: 0.92, 95% CI: 0.80-1.06, P=0.229).

Conclusion: LOSE with TB was influenced by several patient-level factors, which were combined to construct a nomograph. The established nomograph can help hospital administrator and clinicians to identify patients with TB requiring extended hospital stays, and more efficiently plan for treatment programs and resource needs.

Cite this article as: Cao J, Xie H, Yu Z, Zhang Y. Factors associated with extended hospital stay and its impact on subsequent short-term readmission with tuberculosis patients. Arch Iran Med. 2024;27(6):334-340. doi: 10.34172/aim.25459
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Abstract View: 147

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Submitted: 06 Mar 2022
Accepted: 20 Jul 2022
ePublished: 29 Apr 2024
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