Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(9): 624-628.
doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.74

Scopus ID: 85091811149
  Abstract View: 1998
  PDF Download: 1173

History of Medicine in Iran

Razi and his Concepts on Bone and Joint Disorders

Ahmadreza Afshar 1* ORCID logo, Ali Tabrizi 1 ORCID logo

1 Department of Orthopedics, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
*Corresponding Author: *Corresponding Author: Ahmadreza Afshar, MD; Department of Orthopedics, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Imam Khomeini Hospital. Modaress St., Ershad Blv., Urmia, 57157 81351, Iran. Tel: +98-91-23131556; Email: , Email: afshar_ah@yahoo.com


This brief review presents Razi’s concepts of bone and joint disorders. Razi differentiated between ligaments, tendons, and nerves and recognized the role of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system in the perception of senses and voluntary movements. He described paralysis and loss of sensation following brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system injuries. Razi presented an early concept of compartment syndrome. Razi’s approach to fracture management is very similar to the current concept of functional bracing for some fractures. Razi mentioned suturing the wounds and ligation of bleeding large vessels. He cautioned about phlebotomy in the antecubital fossa as it may become complicated by the adjacent arterial and nerve injuries. Razi treated osteomyelitis by removing the infected and necrotic bone by sawing, cutting, and rasping. He also documented arthralgia, painful hip, and sciatic pain and made a sharp distinction between arthralgia and gout. He indicated the gout origin as the production of a waste substance that the body fails to expel. Razi’s basic concepts on the bone and joint disorders established a foundation for modern orthopedic science.

Cite this article as: Afshar A, Tabrizi A. Razi and his concepts on bone and joint disorders. Arch Iran Med. 2020;23(9):624–628. doi: 10.34172/aim.2020.74.
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Abstract View: 1999

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Submitted: 10 Apr 2020
Accepted: 24 Jun 2020
ePublished: 01 Sep 2020
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