Arch Iran Med. 2017;20(4): 0.
PMID: 28412825
Scopus ID: 85018827680
  Abstract View: 2531
  PDF Download: 1377

Original Article

Family Dinner Frequency is inversely related to Mental Disorders and Obesity in Adolescents: the CASPIAN-III Study

Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Roya Kelishadi*, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gelayol Ardalan, Leila Azadbakht*
*Corresponding Authors: Email: kelishadi@med.mui.ac.ir; Email: l-azadbakht@sina.tums.ac.ir


PURPOSE: Family dinner is a proxy of family connectedness that may affect mental health. The present study aimed to examine the associations of frequency of family dinner with mental disorders and obesity in a nationally-representative sample of Iranian adolescents.

METHODS: A total of 5528 Iranians adolescents aged 10–18 years were enrolled in the third survey of a national surveillance program during 2009–2010, entitled Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non-communicable disease (CASPIAN-III) study. The frequency of family dinner meal was assessed. Mental health assessments were done as part of the World Health Organization-Global School-based Student Health Survey. The odds of having mental disorders and obesity were assessed by logistic regression.
RESULTS: No significant difference was found in dietary intake between family dinner consumers (≥5 times (night)/wk) and skippers (<5 times/wk); however, they were more likely to consume breakfast and had higher meal frequency. After controlling for some confounders, dinner consumers had lower odds for all types of mental disorders (OR = 0.55; 95% CI = 0.47–0.64), anxiety (OR = 0.47; 95% CI = 0.4–0.54), insomnia (OR = 0.6; 95% CI = 0.53–0.7), and confusion (OR = 0.7; 95% CI = 0.6–0.86), as well as the body mass index- z score (OR = 0.78; 95% CI = 0.73–0.84).
CONCLUSION: The current study showed an inverse relationship between the frequency of family dinner consuming and mental disorders and obesity in a nationally-representative sample of Iranian adolescents. Such simple recommendations for families may be feasible, sustainable, and effective for health promotion and disease prevention.
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ePublished: 01 Apr 2017
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